The importance of listening has changed over the past years. Students are asked to listen to a text with the reason of collecting the information that is contains. However, I don’t dive right into teaching a comprehensi… One advantage is that students can elect what they are going to listen to, which can be very interesting for them (Harmer, 1991). On the other hand activities for instance producing of right or wrong answers can discourage all but the most enthusiastic student. Recent advances in technology have served to raise the profile of the listening skill in language teaching. endobj SL.2.1A. Listening comprehension is an important language skill to develop. endobj Let’s talk about guided reading. Informal teacher talk and class discussion. Address: Cyprus Headquarters Another advantage is that students can be asked to do various exercises, such as writing reports, writing essays or summarising (Harmer, 1991). When we read aloud text to them, we are doing the decoding work forthem so that they can focus on meaning. It takes place when students are on their own, often for pleasure. Listening is also important because it: occupies a big chunk of the time we spend communicating in the language. If you are a math, history, science, or art teacher, where does literacy fit into your classroom instruction? This chapter shows a number of post-listening activities, which can be used in the post-listening stage by the teacher. Make sure that you’re sitting up straight instead of slouching or getting too comfortable. @˵�\ry0�I]��O)jo������������%�}�2*B+G�[{z������a���I(R]b���^\^����8W�1�^�ֈ���)��#R��,6Ζ��)L�7 ;�� I���\?�H�w. Commonly listening books produced for learners have clear printed instructions. Learners are asked to look at a picture or a set of pictures. Think about the times you spend listening to others speak or listening to songs, news, lectures, YouTube, etc. Extending lists. When students speak in front of a group in this type of informal setting, it prepares them for future endeavors in public speaking. Learners can be asked to collect information from a listening text, and other sources as well and apply the information to the solution of a problem or as the basis for a decision (Underwood, 1989). By developing their ability to listen well, learners become more independent, as by hearing accurately they are much more likely to be able to interact in a foreign language effectively. The learners attempt to sort out the various items as they listen and then to complete the activity after they have heard the whole story. All listening texts don't arrange the chance for this type of activity. Making lists of possibilities or ideas. 6 0 obj Learners then enter their answers in the correct boxes on the grid, depending on what they discover from the listening passage (Underwood, 1989). Pre-listening work should be achieved in a kind of ways and appears quite naturally when listening forms part of an integrated abilities course. Through readalouds and shared reading! However, well-designed multiple-choice questions can help guide learners through the text just as ordinary open questions can (Underwood, 1989). What is more it is careful to check that everyone has understood and is ready to start, and to add more instructions that might be demanded. Completing grids. Pokrivčáková (2010, p.65) claims that „the teacher can use post-listening activities to check comprehension, evaluate development of listening skills or the practical use of selected listening strategies." Audio books also give her an important introduction to listening — a skill that she must master in order to learn to read. They are not only speaking and listening activities. Of course we all want to learn to speak the language we are learning, and to speak it well. This type of listening has many pros (Rixon, 1993). The teacher should debate with students their background knowledge of the topic and linguistic aspects of the text (Pokrivčáková, 2010). in the classroom and it plays an important role in one’s academic success than reading skill or academic aptitude. See more ideas about Teaching reading, Reading strategies, Reading classroom. 3 0 obj The pre-listening stage is used for activating previous knowledge. The type of text is usually different from that used for extensive listening. Listening of both types is very useful because can help students to correct their listening skills (Harmer, 1991). People develop not only listening comprehension skills in English by watching English movies (films) and other programmes on video, on TV or on the Internet, or by listening to BBC English, the Voice of America and other programmes, and to audio/video recordings for learning English. As Rixon (1993) claims teacher must be sure if students have comprehended the point of listening tasks. %PDF-1.5 The attraction of using listening as an input is that it can provide the learners with a selection of language appropriate to the roles and situations which are to be developed (Underwood, 1989). <>>>] This is why being physically ready is an important part of listening. It is the second while-listening activity in which learners hear a description or a conversation and have to decide, from the selection offered, which picture is the right one. Not only their knowledge of the structure of the language. Being physically ready starts with good posture. /Contents 4 0 R>> Listening used to be defined as the ignored skill. Rixon (1993) claims that in this type of stage, learners grasp the information they have achieved from the listening text. /Contents 10 0 R>> Labelling a picture. This type of stage follows the pre-listening stage. In the pre-listening phase it is important to give learners clear instructions about what to do during the listening. 5. Text completion – gap-filling is another variety of information transfer exercise. Teacher can describe a room to his students for instance the tables, chairs, how many windows and doors there are. If you have your own children, think about all of times that you have read stories to them. The main aim being to learn to recognise how it sounds so that they are able to use what they hear as a model for their own speech (Underwood, 1989). <> On the one hand, technological advances and the growing awareness of the importance of listening in the world have made listening even more important in the communication process (Mendelsohn, 1998). The word „activity" used in this chapter to cover all kind of things that should be done, in or outside the room. In other words, this final listening stage, attending previous two stages, is completed directly after listening to the text. A list of more than about seven or more items is difficult and frustrating to handle as the learners have to make lots of alternations to their ordering (Underwood, 1989). Matching with a reading text. Most people fall into either the top-down or bottom-up listening category. The obvious source of material for this is the news from radio and from newspapers (Underwood, 1989). There are several purposes of post-listening work. endobj It is best if post-listening chart completion does not depend on large quantities of information from the listening passage. It should help learners to obtain the most out of what they are going to do. ���������%�]�2*B+G�[{x���7r���q,�'C�*��̵���Ҕ�5�Ʊj�q�t�FH9�F�Rg�r�̯�La�i��� I�����)���SNJ Completing part of a chart. It is suitable for pairwork and can generate lots of discussion. While-listening activities have to be chosen carefully, when developing the skills of listening for comprehension is the aim. This chapter presents a selection of ideas for while-listening work such as: Marking/checking items in pictures is the first of a number of activities in while-listening stage. Classroom dialogue is an integral part of the educational setting. Listening is a critically important skill to improve. /Contents 8 0 R>> These activities helps to focus the learners' minds on the topic by narrowing down the things that the learners expect to hear and activating appropriate prior knowledge and already known language. Maintaining good posture can be an important part of staying alert during a lesson. 5 0 obj <> Reading a text before listening. influence listening comprehension and effort for child listeners in the primary school classroom. It's common to believe that literacy instruction is solely the charge of language arts teachers, but, frankly, this just is not so. Each learner is given items with which to build the model or make the pattern. It usually appears outside the classroom. The constellation of these room, talker, modality, and listener factors should be taken into account in the planning and design of educational and learning activities. The most common pictures used are drawings or photos of people or scenes, indoors or out of doors (Underwood, 1989). Learners also need to learn its phonology and syntax. <>>>] as well as listening passages. Rixon (1993) claims, that intensive listening is the more widely-used form in modern classrooms. In this kind of activity students are asked to choose whether the narration are true or false (Ur, 2007). After identifying the importance of listening comprehension in general, Brady-Myerov’s piece goes on to focus on how important teaching listening skills is for students with English as a second language. Listening is the activity in which students concentrate and trying to obtain meaning from something they can hear. A popular while-listening activity consists of making a list, often a shopping list or a list of places to visit (Underwood, 1989). How? Students need to know the reason to listen and see the listening material. The teacher might decide, to break an activity down into smaller steps and would then need to tell this to the classroom (Underwood, 1989). 5. Listening comprehension is more than just hearing what is said. The Importance of Teaching Listening Comprehension in the Classroom <>>>] A final important reason for including listening in the curriculum is its relationship with speaking. Rixon (1993, p.68) claims that, „the sort of exercise that is often used during the while-listening phase helps students by indicating the overall structure of the argument." But with a bit of work, you can help your child develop their listening ability, with knock-on improvements in their achievement at school. x�mO� The importance of listening has changed over the past years. Sequencing. If they are able to listen successfully, they need to learn to establish the context to which it relates (Underwood, 1989). On the other hand it is quite difficult activity and depends not only on listening ability but also on reading skills, writing skills and memory (Underwood, 1989). The second necessary part of listening process is the while-listening stage, includes exercises that are used while the students listen to the passage. Looking at pictures before listening. This is especially important for students that are not yet readers. To conclude, in this kind of listening phase we can use a range of different the pre-listening tasks and their main aim is to make interest, raise confidence and help understanding. The teacher should give the responds orally, by pairs checking each other's responds, by the teacher showing the answer on the overhead blackboard, by group discussion or by asking the learners to check against responds given in a book. Read stories to them, we always hope that our students are their... It well sure that you have your own children, think about the text of staying alert during a.... Activity are presented several pictures to the language which will be done activating current knowledge – what do know! Language we are learning, why is listening comprehension important in the k 2 classroom as a method of self-study, focused and active listening is important to learners. Pictures to the passage, pre-listening activities should make learners informed about the times you spend listening to anchor... Be motivated and it is suitable for pairwork and can generate lots discussion. Exercises which can be based on a number of listening should't be,... 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