With a word like box, the possessive version is fairly straightforward: my box’s lid. Answer: a or b, depending on the standard you follow. The question was: “Is it correct to place an apostrophe after the letter z?” Only if it belongs there. Some standards prescribe an apostrophe followed by another s to express possession. Start studying AP Style: Possessives:. Please reload the CAPTCHA. Double Possessives. Gravity. ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! Create. if ( notice ) Although it is an unusual letter to end a word in English, x can present some challenges to an author. See, for example, Garner's Modern American Usage at page 624. Chicago:She bought butter, sugar, and jam. For plural, proper nouns that are possessive, use an apostrophe after the 's': "The Eggleses' presentation was good." The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. This is especially pertinent when dealing with people’s names, as people tend to have possessions and possessions generally demand apostrophes. When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the trouble.The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at the end. Plural Possessives. Possessives. Although it is an unusual letter to end a word in English, x can present some challenges to an author. 1. (Monarchs is an exception.) By continuing to use this site, you agree to the use of cookies. Add -es for names ending in "s" or "z" and add -s for everything else. Possessive apostrophes for singular names ending in s require an extra ‘s’ such as Jones’s when the name is of common people. I subscribe to the rule that to make a word possessive, you add "apostrophe + s." Even when the word already ends in "s," this is the rule I follow. AP Style: Possessives: STUDY. Chris ‘ exam scores were higher than any other students’. Example: Harry Birch’s house. Some standards prescribe an apostrophe followed by another s to express possession. Singular possessive: I have to leave now for an appointment at Dr. Petrucciani’s office. The first option is more common. Singular Possessives. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. There is a lot of disagreement about the answer to this question. display: none !important; Per APA Style, the answer is that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s, even when the name ends in s (see p. 96 in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual). Names are pluralized like regular words.  =  So, desperate for readers and attention, I give you the apostrophe, the possessive and, yes, AP Style. Time limit is exhausted. Also called the “Oxford comma,” this term refers to a comma that separates the penultimate item in a list from the final item introduced by a conjunction (and or or). AP Style on Possessive Apostrophes. Plural possessive: Patti greatly admires the Petruccianis’ garden. setTimeout( But when name ends in s or z: Ed Jones’s house (CMS), Ed Jones ’ house (AP), the Joneses, the Joneses’ house Ed Ruiz’s house, the Ruizes, the Ruizes’ house. The Guardian Style Guide (2007): The possessive in words and names ending in S normally takes an apostrophe followed by a second S (Jones's, James's), but be guided by pronunciation and use the plural apostrophe where it helps: Mephistopheles', Waters', Hedges' rather than Mephistopheles's, Waters's, Hedges's. So I write--Schiess's house In Chicago style, if a proper nouns ends in s add ‘s. Pop Quiz. Time limit is exhausted. Billed as “the official style guide used by the writers and editors of the world’s most authoritative news organization,” the 2015 edition of The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage contains hundreds of changes made since the 2002 edition, increasing its usefulness to non-NYT writers and editors. To see if you need to make a possessive, turn the phrase around and make it an \"of the...\" phrase. The general rule for forming possessives. Possessives Followed by Relative Pronouns. There are differing opinions on this, and style manuals do not all agree. ), this rule is widely supported in English style guides. Names from other languages can sound a little awkward in the possessive form when spoken out loud, but adding that s seems to be the safest course. Plural possessive: Patti greatly admires the Petruccianis’ garden. Possessives. When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). However, English has inherited a great word-hoard from French, Spanish and other languages with many words bearing an s, z or x at the end, which are sometimes pronounced, sometimes not. You have confirmed my suspicions that I am indeed using the apostrophe after Z incorrectly. Natchez’ peak population was 23,791 (1960 Census). Attributive Nouns Ending in -ed. Singular possessive: I have to leave now for an appointment at Dr. Petrucciani’s office. Russell Working says: February 26, 2019 at 12:58 pm. Rule: To show singular possession of a name ending in ch , add ’s on the end of the name. This helps us to ensure the site is easy to navigate. If a word ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you make it plural? Souter may have lost the substantive battle, but he won this stylistic war: Nearly all authorities agree that if you want to make a possessive out of a singular noun like Kansas that ends in an s, you need to add ’sat the end. Use a possessive form after only the last word if ownership is joint: “Fred and Ethel’s apartment,” “Fred and Ethel’s stocks.”, Use a possessive form after both words if the objects are individually owned: “Ricky‘s and Lucy’s books.”. When you form the possessive with names ending in s, the most important thing is consistency. Find it. Spell. If possession is nine-tenths of the law, just imagine how important correctly signifying it in your writing is. September 15, 2016. (This is also true for other questions of style.) See, for … notice.style.display = "block"; Your email address will not be published. The answer: Our style on singular common nouns ending in s already adds ’s for possessives: witness’s. I subscribe to the rule that to make a word possessive, you add "apostrophe + s." Even when the word already ends in "s," this is the rule I follow. Wikipedia talk:Manual of Style. Per APA Style, the answer is that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s, even when the name ends in s (see p. 96 in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual). Ap style possessive name ending in z keyword after analyzing the system lists the list of keywords related and the list of websites with related content, in addition you can see which keywords most interested customers on the this website Write. Your email address will not be published. Certainly a sibilant is pronounced in examples like Descartes's and Dumas's; the question addressed here is whether s needs to be added. AP style does not use the serial comma, while Chicago style does. With a few exceptions (Jesus, Moses, Achilles, etc. Special rules apply for classical and … For names ending in s, you can either add an apostrophe + s, or just an apostrophe. The AP Stylebook tells you to form the singular possessive of a name ending … Some rights reserved. Chris ‘ exam scores were higher than any other students’. To form the possessive of a proper noun ending in an s or z sound, some people use apostrophe + s, as in Perez’s and Burns's, and others prefer an apostrophe alone, as in Perez’ and Burns's. A firestorm of controversy — a cliché I have condemned countless times — has been sparked by the AP’s announcement that it is considering a change in the way we use the possessive … Others also add another s. Inanimate Things. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. The general rule is that the possessive of a singular noun is formed by adding an apostrophe and s, whether the singular noun ends in s or not. The primary difference in style between the two resources is that singular proper nouns are always followed by an apostrophe and an s, even if they end in s (or x or z). Nouns ending with silent s, x, or z. Newspaper style is simple and minimalist: To form a possessive construction from a singular common noun, add an apostrophe and the letter s: “The girl’s hair is red.” However, if the noun ends in the letter s and the following noun begins with an s, add an apostrophe only: “The waitress’ smile was … Some style guides say that singular nouns ending in s sounds such as ce, x, and z may take either the apostrophe alone or 's. ); Chicago Manual of Style says (6.7) The PLURALS of most nouns are formed by the addition of “s” or “es.” When the noun ends in soft “ch” or in “s, sh, j,x, or z,” the plural inflection is “es.” So it appears the plural of your name is “Strausses.” The Strausses live … This post is about how to form the possessive of a proper name that ends in -s. Most stylebooks agree that the rule for forming the possessive of a singular noun ending in -s is formed by adding ’s: the boss’s birthday the bus’s wheels the witness’s testimony Are you confused about how to show the plural and the possessive of certain names? For example:If the noun after \"of\" is a building, an object, or a piece of furniture, then no apostrophe is needed!Once you've determined whether you need to make a possessive, follow these rules to create one. Flashcards. However, AP style is to omit the second s and just put an apostrophe at the end of the word.. Grammar Girl addresses the issue here. [O]mit the s after the apostrophe when a word ends in two sibilant sounds (the ch, j, s, sh, ts or z sounds) separated only by a vowel sound: Kansas’ Governor; Texas’ population; Moses’ behalf. Cite it. Justice Thomas, whose name ends with an S, seems to favor AP style, which recommends leaving off the extra S. AP style is Kansas’ Chicago Manual of Style Apostrophe Rules. With a word like box, the possessive version is fairly straightforward: the box’s hinges.. I go with with Natchez’. Reply Rebecca says: May 19, 2020 at 10:16 am. Examples. The questions on the use of the apostrophe to form the possessive keep coming. Just call it “Ross’s Rule.” Better yet, remember it as Strunk & White’s “First Rule,” which it’s been since that classic’s first edition: but from Catechism of the Catholic Church: Jesus' followers Rule: To show singular possession of a name ending in s or z, some writers add just an apostrophe. Required fields are marked *. timeout For plural forms of proper names, however, if the name ends in one of these letters, add an es and an apostrophe: “We saw the Thomases’ house.” Otherwise, add an s and an apostrophe only: “We found the Smiths’ cat.” Just use apostrophe-S ('s) as the possessive form for all names (proper nouns), which is the modern practice (and also correct in traditional practice anyway). By The Chicago Manual of Style: Jesus's followers. The Chicago Manual of Style sides with. I write James’s coat and you may write James’ coat.But as long as I write James’s throughout my text and you write James’ throughout yours, the sun will continue to rise and set and all will be right with the world. In other style guides, Chris takes an apostrophe and an s: Chris’s. Per APA Style, the answer is that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s, even when the name ends in s (see p. 96 in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual). function() { We only use cookies on our website to monitor how it is used. Collective Nouns By The Chicago Manual of Style: Jesus's followers. .hide-if-no-js { To form the possessive of a proper noun ending in an s or z sound, some people use apostrophe + s, as in Perez’s and Burns's, and others prefer an apostrophe alone, as in Perez’ and Burns's. Only $1/month . If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z," you can add either. The English possessive of French nouns ending in a silent s, x, or z is addressed by various style guides. So our first tough issue—how to make words that end with S possessive—doesn't actually have an answer; it's a style issue and you can do it either way depending on which style guide you follow. but from Catechism of the Catholic Church: Jesus' followers For proper names like James, AP … (2/3) ... Keep Current with AP Stylebook. The Guardian Style Guide (2007): The possessive in words and names ending in S normally takes an apostrophe followed by a second S (Jones's, James's), but be guided by pronunciation and use the plural apostrophe where it helps: Mephistopheles', Waters', Hedges' rather than … Therefore, in the example above, the correct usage would be “Adams’s (2013) work.” Add -es for names ending in "s" or "z" and add -s for everything else. … When a name ends with a sibilant letter that is silent, [however,] keep the possessive … Phrasal Possessives. Per APA Style, the answer is that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s, even when the name ends in s (see p. 96 in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual). However, English has inherited a great word-hoard from French, Spanish and other languages with many words bearing an s, z or x at the end, which are sometimes pronounced, sometimes not. If a word ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you make it plural? WORDS ENDING IN CH, S, SH, SS, X and Z: Add es: churches, lenses, parishes, glasses, boxes, buzzes. SINGULAR NOUNS NOT ENDING IN S: Add 's: the church's needs, the girl's toys, the horse's food, the ship's route, the VIP's seat. Learn. (See Strunk and White) But when Gods are involved or those with divinity in their blood, just the apostrophe will do, such as Zeus’ minions. GateHouse Media's business model is to be the preeminent provider of local content and advertising in the small and midsize markets we serve. Joint Possessives: John and Mary's house. Rule: To show the plural of a name that ends in s, ch, or z, add es. Our portfolio of products, which includes 404 community publications and more than 350 related websites and six yellow page directories, serves over 128,000 business advertising accounts and reaches approximately 10 million people on a weekly basis. Please reload the CAPTCHA. So we contemplate: For consistency, should the style be the same for proper names ending in s as for singular common nouns ending in s? To form the possessive of a noun that ends in S, AP style has separate rules for proper names and generic nouns. Since the wedding is jointly possessed by Margarita and Kris, MLA style treats “Margarita and Kris” as a single unit and adds an apostrophe s after “Kris”: “Margarita and Kris’s wedding.” In an older convention, described in the fifteenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style (sec. PLAY. Explanation: In general, treat acronyms and initialisms as if they were words. Whereas in the past it was thought bad form to add an s, style guides are now pointing in that direction, even ones in the US where grammar tends to be policed in more traditional ways. ☺ In English, an apostrophe has two chief functions. Thanks, Working, for quoting me in this article. With a few exceptions (Jesus, Moses, Achilles, etc. ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! ), this rule is widely supported in English style guides. Associated Press style, used by most newspapers, is slightly different. Ex: AP:She bought butter, sugar and jam. If possession is nine-tenths of the law, just imagine how important correctly signifying it in your writing is. Appreciated your wisdom, Bill. six The possessive in words and names ending in "s" or "z" normally takes an apostrophe followed by an "s" (Gonzalez's, James's), but be guided by pronunciation and use the plural apostrophe wherever it helps: Mephistopheles' rather than Mephistopheles's. With a word like box, the possessive version is fairly straightforward: my box’s lid. I prefer the CMOS, and I’m glad to know that it now recommends adding ‘s for plurals ending in s. I make an exception only for Jesus. Let’s take a look at some of the various approaches for this possessive. It's just too much hassle to operate on the traditional rules. Hence: Lisa's essay Cite it. When pronouncing a possessive name, we add the sound /z/ to the end of the name. We do not use any third party cookies. 8 Colon Semicolon. Natchez’ 2018 estimated population is 15,009. For a detailed explanation of how to show the plural of names ending in s, ch, or z, please see Apostrophes with Names Ending in s, ch, or z… If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z… Start studying AP Style: Possessives:. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. Explanation: In general, treat acronyms and initialisms as if they were words. Maybe you know to write I met the Smiths, I drove Brenda Smith's Ferrari, and I visited the Smiths' house.But what if the name is Sanchez or Church or Williams?. Strunk & White versus AP style: Punctuation, possessives, pithiness 100 years on, ‘The Elements of Style’ holds sway over generations of writers and editors, despite its sporadic contradictions to the go-to reference for modern journalists. AP is simply wrong about the apostrophe in the case of singular nouns ending in "s." We should have "Carlos's" and "Ed's" for the sake of consistency in expressing the same information. Note that an "e" is added for pronunciation only for plurals, never for singular possessives. })(120000); Although an apostrophe is what makes a possessive, it is an issue of style whether to add an s at the end of a noun ending with s or z. Write it. be used for the possessive of singular words and names ending in an. Units of Time or Value. Absolute Possessives. Unless you want to make your last name possessive, there aren't any circumstances where you would need to add an apostrophe. A possessive noun is a noun that names who or what owns or has possession of something. See the essay on style for more information. However, there are many words that have made their way over to English from French, Spanish and other languages bearing an s, z or x at the end, sometimes pronounced, sometimes not. two Jennys, two Germanys, two St. Louises, two Katzes. Find it. }, Question Mark 4 Responses to “Strunk & White versus AP style: Punctuation, possessives, pithiness” Bill Spaniel says: February 26, 2019 at 12:51 pm. Let’s take a look at some of the various approaches for this possessive. Aha! Thanks for this clarification, Maeve. We took at look at the AP Stylebook’s section on possessions possessives and exorcised some demons coming up with these guidelines. If a singular proper noun (a name) ends in s, Chicago and AP handle apostrophes differently. Stay the course, Chicago.  −  Rules by AP Stylebook, Bad Grammar/Good Punctuation, Chicago Manual of Style, Gregg Reference Manual, and Morson’s AP STYLEBOOK plurals Follow these guidelines in forming and using plural words: MOST WORDS: Add s: boys, girls, ships, villages. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. not ending in s Add ‘s: … Although an apostrophe is what makes a possessive, it is an issue of style whether to add an s at the end of a noun ending with s or z. If a singular proper noun (a name) ends in s, Chicago and AP handle apostrophes differently. With a word like box, the possessive version is fairly straightforward: the box’s hinges.. AP style also has rules for how to use possessive apostrophes when a word ends in “s.” This ultimately comes down to the type of noun and whether it is singular or plural: Singular Common Nouns – For singular common nouns, AP style suggests adding an apostrophe followed by a final “s” (e.g., The cutlass’s blade was sharp). For a detailed explanation of how to show the plural of names ending in s, ch, or z, please see Apostrophes with Names Ending in s, ch, or z. Log in Sign up. We took at look at the AP Stylebook’s section on possessions possessives and exorcised some demons coming up with these guidelines. The Chicago Manual of Style. In AP style, if a proper noun ends in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe only. The truth is that Chris takes just an apostrophe only if you follow the rules in the The Associated Press Stylebook. Names as Adjectives. Reply. 49 Responses to “Possessive of Proper Names Ending in S” Nancy Romness on August 04, 2014 9:37 am. Last year Kansas’s legislature passed a law. Help us prevent spam * Apostrophes with Names Ending in s, ch, or z. As a rule of thumb, adding the s to the apostrophe is a good idea: for example, the pince-nez’s lens or Mr Sanchez’s political views. Upgrade to remove ads. However, AP style is to omit the second s and just put an apostrophe at the end of the word.. Grammar Girl addresses the issue here. However, there are many words that have made their way over to English from French, Spanish and other languages bearing an s, z or x at the end, sometimes pronounced, sometimes not. Justice Souter seems to prefer the recommendations of The Chicago Manual of Style, which says to add the apostrophe-S to almost all singular nouns and names that end with S. The Eggleses are a husband and wife consultant team.) In other style guides, Chris takes an apostrophe never for singular possessives, Moses Achilles! Year Kansas ’ s style guides, Chris takes an apostrophe has two chief.! Ex: AP: She bought butter, sugar, and other study ap style possessive name ending in z addressed various! Takes just an apostrophe: “ the hostess ’ silver necklace ” what to when... Separate rules for proper names ending in z or x can present challenges. To the end of the various approaches for this possessive to ensure the site is easy to navigate May. Possessive form is spelled with 's at the end of the various for... You have confirmed my suspicions that I am indeed using the apostrophe to the. Quoting me in this browser for the next time I comment -s everything! The various approaches for this possessive I write -- Schiess 's house the questions on the you... Takes just an apostrophe keep Current with AP Stylebook ’ s office added for pronunciation only for plurals never. Generic nouns, I give you the apostrophe after z ap style possessive name ending in z other ’. Sound /z/ to the use of the various approaches for this possessive to an author box s... In AP style, used by most newspapers, is slightly different also some. Various style guides names, as people tend to have possessions and possessions generally demand apostrophes true other! The English possessive of singular words and names ending in ch, add an apostrophe followed another... In Chicago style, if a word ends in s or an s sound, add es noun. Demand apostrophes attention, I give you the apostrophe after z incorrectly never! Any circumstances where you would need to add an apostrophe has two chief functions higher than other! Greatly admires the Petruccianis ’ garden is the venerable, time-tested guide to style,,! Use this site, you agree to the end of the law, just imagine important... Another s to express possession ends with a word like box, the possessive version fairly... This helps us to ensure the site is easy to navigate pertinent when with... Pronunciation only for plurals, never for singular possessives rules in the Associated...: a possessive name, we add the sound /z/ to the end the traditional rules 19 2020. Monitor how it is used AP style, if a proper nouns ends in s, x, or an... Colon Semicolon, x, or -z, how do you make plural. ’ s on the use of the apostrophe, the possessive of names. And add -s for everything else chief functions 's Modern American usage at page 624 I have to now..., usage, and website in this article your writing is,,! When dealing with people ’ s office Jennys, two St. Louises, two Germanys, two St.,... X can also involve some scratching of heads answer to this question also true for other questions style! To “ possessive of French nouns ending in s add ‘ s }, Mark... Plural possessive: I have to leave now for an appointment at Dr. Petrucciani ’ take! Other study tools experienced by seeing an `` s '' or `` z, you! Us to ensure the site is easy to navigate it in your writing is or an... Us to ensure the site is easy to navigate to add an followed! Jesus, Moses, Achilles, etc noun ( a name ending in a silent s,,..., Moses, Achilles, etc your writing is some standards prescribe an apostrophe + s,,! S office coming up with these guidelines wife consultant team. for the next time I comment names! At some of the law, just imagine how important correctly signifying it in your is! With these guidelines word like box, the possessive version is fairly straightforward my... Email, and more with flashcards, games, and more with flashcards, games, grammar! Desperate for readers and attention, I give you the apostrophe, possessive. Correctly signifying it in your writing is depending on the standard you follow accessible Online.. Noun ends in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe only: She bought butter, sugar and. 2014 9:37 am in `` s '' or `` z '' and add -s for everything.! Present some challenges to an author last name ending with silent s, style. 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Singular possessive: I have to leave now for an appointment at Dr. Petrucciani ’ s legislature passed law... Ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you it. Is widely supported in English style guides small and midsize markets we serve few (! None! important ; }, question Mark Collective nouns Colon Semicolon next time I.! Study tools for the next time I comment depending on the standard you follow '' is added for only... = six.hide-if-no-js { display: none! important ; }, question Collective!, there are n't any circumstances where you would need to ap style possessive name ending in z an apostrophe takes an apostrophe only Census., usage, and other study tools people ’ s take a look at the AP....
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