* Marine biodiversity conservation There have been periods of reprieve for our seas – stocks increased during both world wars when people were, understandably, focusing on things other than fishing for profit. The final ‘war’ took place in 1975 when Iceland claimed its waters out to 200nm. * Deliberate attempts to sideline chief fishermen by party people and in some cases forceful distoolment of others because of premix. This law at the time it was being promulgated in 2002 had the EPA act in place and appropriately make reference to the EPA Act in the sub-section. Section 93 of the Act 625 states clearly the need to present to the fisheries commission, a Fisheries Impact Assessment (FIA) before any activity other than fishing takes place in the our water bodies. This will include discussions on access to UK waters – who will be allowed to continue fishing within our EEZ and under what conditions. Bycatch refers to the fish, seafood, turtles, seabirds and other animals that are not targeted … This, amongst other factors, led to a significant proportion of the fishing industry supporting Brexit as a way to regain control over their industry – an idea that was propagated by some campaigners during the Brexit debate. I believe before the facility finally land in Ghana, the policy makers should also be thinking of ways of not just warding fishermen off the facility but also how to protect fish from moving very close to it. There is not a single MMDA in Ghana situated in an area that has its traditional economy anchored on fisheries with a sub-committee of the executive committee on fisheries and this is a worrying phenomena. * Inadequate legal provisions; apart from the mention in the section 93 of the Act 625, there is no legislative instrument or regulation defining processes for the development of the FIA. A number of issues have been militating against the growth of the industry. There was a whole publication on Premix by Mr. Mbre and it was fought fiercely on all campaign platforms. * Chief Executive who has had nothing to do with fishing suddenly was deciding who should be on the premix committee, usurping the roles of chief fishermen and from the comfort of their offices signing list for Accra. Currently, powers relating to most environmental and fisheries matters are devolved to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The following are the major ones identified. In the Greater Accra Region, mention can be made of the Korle lagoon Accra, Kpeshi Lagoon in La, Chemu Lagoon in Tema, and Gao in Kpone inter alia which have over the period served as sinks for both domestic and industrial waste. + determine total allowable catch of living resources in their landing beaches. Stocks such as North Sea cod have benefitted greatly and are returning in greater numbers as a direct result of the effort put in by the fishing industry in response to the CFP requirements. To achieve this, we must learn from mistakes of the past and build upon the successes, of which there are many. OIL EXPLORATION AND IMPACT ON FISHERIESThe announcement that Ghana has discovered oil in commercial quantities seem to have rendered all other activities very irrelevant and in all workshops I have attended save for the ones we organized or that of our partners Friends of the Nation, the subject had been oil revenue. Once upon a time, overfishing and fishy wars. The forestry Act prohibits development of any kind within fifty (50) metres of any natural water body, however in Ghana water bodies including lagoons are reclaimed for structural development. ZANZIBAR Minister for Livestock and Fisheries Mr Abdullahi Jihadi has spoken of the challenges facing the fishing industry. The practice must be stopped and now. RECOMMENDATIONS:It will serve the best interest of the generality of the Ghanaian populace if immediate steps are taken by the very relevant stakeholders to ensure the following SUSTAINABLE FISHERIES ISSUES, The foregoing are 9 key issues for Ghana 1. enhancing livelihoods; 2. promoting the needs of the poor; 3. ensuring stable and sustainable supplies; 4. improving utilization; 5. reducing negative environmental impact; 6. mitigating impacts of oil exploration on fisheries 7. regulating international trade; 8. improving food security; and 9. The artisanal sector provides over 70% of the total fish requirements and consequently the bulk of the country's protein requirements. The industry according to the Ministry of Agriculture employs estimated 10% of the country's population which stands at about 2.2mil people. "We must all come together and chart the way forward and address the issues ailing this sector. For example, Welsh fisheries are predominantly for shellfish, the majority of which is sold directly to other EU nations. While diversification of fishing activity is a well-established response to such challenges, the opportunity to exploit alternative fishing grounds and stocks is increasingly constrained by management controls. The FIA and the EIA are therefore mutually exclusive as such it should be incumbent on the actors in the oil industry to prepare a comprehensive FIA. 9 6. Similarly Northern Ireland lands a large proportion of shellfish into its ports, whereas English boats target more white and flat fish. MCS wants any new legislation to be successful. He says there is a chance for vibrant growth should the problems be solved. The fisheries Act 625 mandate the Minister responsible for the sector to declare close and open season in order to conserve marine species. It presents many challenges but also offers us an opportunity to develop a UK fishing industry with the best management in the world, to produce sustainable and productive fisheries whilst also offering highly effective environmental protections. Till now there is no law on the management of the ballast water and this remain a major concern requiring immediate measures. There were actually three periods of time considered to be ‘cod wars’ the first of which was in 1958 when Iceland declared an increase to its territorial waters out to 12nm. The next took place in the early 1970s when Iceland further extended their territorial waters to 50nm, much to the vexation of the UK and West Germany (both then members of the European Economic Community (EEC)). The fishing industry and governments need to urgently step up co-operation efforts to ensure the health and productivity of our oceans in the context of climate change. Registered office: Overross House, Ross Park, Ross-on-Wye, HR9 7US. The UK voted to leave the EU. Humans also have unintended impacts on marine ecosystems such as pollution and habitat destruction from fisheries such as demersal trawling which can upset the sensitive balance of … MCS wants any new legislation to be successful. Brexit represents the biggest legislative change to fisheries management since the Common Fisheries Policy (or CFP, the overarching EU policy that set the rules for EU fisheries) was introduced in 1983. While the years immediately following WWII saw fisheries boom, this was followed by a rapid reduction of stocks creating tensions between nations over catch shares and fishing rights culminating in the ‘cod wars’. Many fishermen are venturing into the business making the number to increase at a more faster rate. The New Bedford Harbor Development Commission has developed a "top ten" list of issues as a press briefing to inform journalists, talk show hosts, and other newcomers to the issues facing the New England fishing industry. © Marine Conservation Society (MCS) 2020. If you’d like to receive our fantastic quarterly magazine straight to your door, you can become a member from as little as £3.50 per month. The Minister said that the final phasing […] These powers are currently exercised within the context of the CFP which provides a consistent policy umbrella beneath which all management takes place, whether in Scottish, Welsh, English or Northern Irish waters. Illegal fishing and overfishing: Despite the fact that it is a renewable natural resource, illegal and … Company limited by guarantee no: 2550966. They highlight to me the difficulties around managing fisheries and the ever present struggle that seems to exist between the social, economic and environmental issues of the industry. According to a new report by WWF-SA, many of South Africa’s inshore marine resources are still considered overexploited or collapsed. Moving forward, it will be necessary for fisheries and seafood stakeholders to consider the following challenges facing future oceans: Due to CO2 emissions, changes in global ocean properties – particularly temperatures, acidity and oxygen levels – are occurring at a scale unprecedented in the last several thousands of years. Whether Brexit will, in fact, be of benefit to the fishing industry is yet to be seen. The UK leaving the EU offers the Scottish fishing industry "opportunities and challenges", industry leaders have said. There are however a number of challenges that makes it excusable for now why the FIA might have been incorporated in the EIA. Fishing Industry - Full Text The economic importance of the fishing sector extends well beyond the coastal communities for which it is a vital industry. ... resulting in challenges with the joint management of this stock. ICES is recognised as the world’s oldest intergovernmental science organisation and was set up with the intention to provide scientific evidence and management for fisheries in the North Sea in response to each country’s recognition that overfishing was taking place and was a significant issue. Registered charity no: 1004005 (England & Illegal fishing and overfishing are the main threats to the development of the fishing industry in Africa. Going forward, it will be essential for the UK and devolved governments to work closely and constructively together to agree on how to embed all existing EU environmental law in domestic law, to maintain or improve existing minimum common standards and avoid legal uncertainty. Following scientific advice has become a legal requirement; this has also helped to address some of the issues around transparency. discarding), lack of flexibility and little stakeholder engagement. It has both forward and backward linkages to other economic activities with a plough back from the sector going in to finance other commerce. Challenges Facing the Fisheries Industry in North Abaco. This article was written by Debbie Crockard, Senior Fisheries Policy Advocate, for our spring 2018 members’ magazine ‘Marine Conservation’. * The nomination of ordinary fisherman by the representative of the Ministry o Food and Agriculture was heavily abused and created an opening for nomination of party people most of whom never got near any landing beach. The outcome is that it has made the place to have few number of fish species due to overfishing. Minister for the Marine, Dara Calleary and EU Fisheries Commissioner Sinkevičius discuss challenges facing the Irish fishing industry The Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Dara Calleary TD, held discussions by video link with EU Fisheries Commissioner, Virginius Sinkevičius on Ireland’s fisheries priorities. This has, perhaps, had the biggest direct impact, driving quotas and catches towards sustainable levels, with more and more stocks being set at levels in line with scientific advice and some stocks showing signs of improvement. a large capital outlay cannot afford idle capacity least of all fishing boats. fishing industry. To avoid potential discrepancies it will be essential for all four governments to work together to address the post-Brexit governance gap. Wales); SC037480 (Scotland). This means designing new domestic governance arrangements to replace the functions currently carried out by EU institutions, ensuring compliance with common minimum standards across the four nations. It was here, with the introduction of the EEZ, that we see the CFP, as we know it, emerge. 6.1. Bycatch. The issue of discarding, for example, remains controversial although efforts have been made through the implementation of a landing obligation for commercial species; what is caught must be kept and landed to port. They can kill fish and underwater plant life. The sector also employs over 60% women and links with other sectors in providing raw materials especially the food processing companies and the hospitality industry whilst employing the services and products of other sectors to operate. It is not too late the Hon. 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